BIOSMHARS: BIOcontamination Specific Modelling in HAbitats Related to Space
BIOSMHARS was a 2-year (2011-2013) research project co-funded by the European Commission under FP7.
On earth, nowadays, a lot of people spend most of their time in "closed" environments such as transportation vehicles or public buildings (hospitals, schools, universities, office buildings...). Biocontamination in these closed areas can have significant health impacts.
When humans go to space, so do also bacteria. On manned spacecrafts, there is a need for effective biocontamination control measures. Biocontamination in spacecrafts may indeed result both in a risk for the health of the crew and for the on-board equipment.
BIOSMHARS was the first phase a joint EU-Russia research effort to develop the scientific and technical tools for a comprehensive approach to the challenging issue of biocontamination inside manned spacecrafts.
The long term objective is to improve the biocontamination control strategy in spacecrafts with possible applications for closed environments on earth.
The BIOSMHARS project aimed to develop, to calibrate and to validate a mathematical model to predict the transportation of bioaerosols in a closed environment and the concurrent spread of biocontamination. This model is also aimed at supporting the implementation of proactive countermeasures.
The model was calibrated in a special test room at VTT in Finland and then validated in the BIOS-3 confinement facility
at IBP in Krasnoyarsk in Russia, as an analogue to the International Space Station.
Composed of a consortium of leading Russian and Europan scientists, the results of the project have a high potential, possibly establishing joint EU-Russia global leadership in the area of environmental biocontamination modeling, control and countermeasures. Whilst directly relevant for manned spaceflights, insights gained in this field have also a range of terrestrial applications in the fields of health and security.
BIOSMHARS WAS A PROJECT CO-FUNDED BY THE EUROPEAN COMMISSION UNDER FP7