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Why is this project important for Europe and Russia?
This project can increase the competitiveness of Europe and Russia. It indeed undertakes innovative research and development for biocontamination strategies and helps to maintain European and Russian scientists at leading positions in this field. 

How BIOSMHARS benefit European and Russian citizens?
The project benefits the citizens first through the application potential both for the health sector and for security. The model indeed helps to define strategies against biocontamination in closed environments such as public buildings or transportation vehicles and also to contribute to strategies against biocontamination related to biological terrorist attacks. 

Focus on the impact for science
The resulting progress beyond the state of the art include:
  • preliminary calibrated predictive model for biocontamination in closed environments, validated in a facility representative of a spacecraft – BIOS-3 - both with non-biological and biological aerosols. 
    • Preliminary predicting model for the airborne microbial contamination dispersion profile in a confined habitat representative of a space station. 
    • To be used also as a 'risk assessment' of microbial contamination for long duration missions in space. 
    • For spacecraft design & for applications on confined environments on Earth. 
    • Extension to predict also the release of non-biological material emissions, or chemical contaminations and particles released by the microbes 
  • Calibration of the model with a real bioaerosol 
  • First study to characterise the dissemination and survival of microorganisms (and their genetic material) in real confined environment after introduction via aerosol. 
  • Adaptation of BIOS: a significant contribution for future studies on biocontamination in space, and more generally, in close habitats. A European – Russian strategy to deal with biocontamination in spacecrafts
  • A European – Russian strategy to deal with biocontamination in spacecrafts